The skin is considered an organ of the body. The structures of the skin are surprisingly complex, but they’re mainly composed of the epidermis, the dermis and the hypodermis. Within these layers are found sensory receptors, hair follicles, sweat pores and other structures. These structures all help the skin play its role as a protection against unfriendly bacteria and pollution and as a regulator of body heat. They help the skin sense heat, cold, pain and pressure and thus protects the body from injury.
Wow! Because our skin does so much for us skin care is so important. Here are a few basics:
Since the skin is so good to its owner, the owner should be good to the skin. This begins for most people by washing the face twice a day – once in the morning and once in the evening. Soap is perfectly alright, especially for people how don’t wear much makeup. However, soap can have a tendency to dry out skin that’s normal or already dry. Soap is also basic, while skin is acidic. Non-soap cleansers with a pH right for skin, which is about 5.5, can be used instead of soap. People with extremely dry skin may choose to wash just once per day and use a moisturizer as well.
It’s wonderful to be out on a nice, sunny day, but skin needs protection against the sun because the sun’s ultraviolet and infrared rays irradiate the skin’s DNA and basically destroy it. This damage and the energy the skin has to put forward to repair it causes the skin to age prematurely. Ultraviolet rays are divided into A, B and C Subtypes. The c rays, which are extremely dangerous and actually cause mutations, are mostly stopped by the ozone layer. Still, we should protect ourselves. UVB is the ray mostly responsible for sunburn and UVA causes wrinkling.
No one wants to stay out of the sun forever, nor is that a good idea anyway! Instead, use a sunscreen to protect your skin. Even people with very dark skin tones can benefit from sunscreen. A key here is to actually wear enough sunscreen, – which most people don’t. A teaspoon of sunscreen should be good for the face and neck while a tablespoon is good for each arm or leg. Sunscreen should also be applied at least 20 minutes before the person goes out into the sun.
Vitamins and minerals applied topically can help protect the skin against UV rays. Skin creams often come with antioxidants like vitamins A, C and E and have other ingredients that help keep the skin supple or make it easier to wash away dead skin cells, dirt and oils. Skin creams also help hydrate and hold water in the skin.
The skin of the face is not the only area of skin that has to be taken care of. The skin of the hands and the rest of the body should be taken care of as well, and moisturizers should be used as needed. The best time to apply it is after bathing when the skin is still damp. Moisturizer can be used liberally on the arms and legs, which tend to dry out. Even heavier moisturizers can be used on the elbows and the heels.
These are just a few aspects of skincare to get you started right! For more, continue reading our articles about skin.